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Understanding Settlement Agreement Confidentiality Clause


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Safeguard your privacy with a settlement agreement confidentiality clause. Buchanan, Williams & O’Brien is here to help. Call now for legal advice!

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What Is a Settlement Agreement Confidentiality Clause?

Settlement agreements are a specific subset of contracts that resolve disputes, lawsuits or conflicts between parties. In personal injury cases, for instance, a plaintiff may choose to settle their claim prior to pursuing or after filing a lawsuit. Confidentiality clauses are a common component of many legal agreements, including settlements.

Confidentiality clauses in settlement agreements restrict the contracting parties from disclosing certain information related to the settlement. It is common for settlements to be confidential, and breaching one can result in long-term legal and practical repercussions.

The consequences of a confidential provision are dependent on the contract’s language. Understanding the function, advantages, and disadvantages of a confidentiality provision is crucial for parties involved in dispute resolution procedures.

Learn how Buchanan, Williams & O’Brien can assist you in your civil case and settlement negotiations.

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Types of Settlement Agreement Confidentiality Clauses

Settlement agreement confidentiality clauses are usually called non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) or confidentiality provisions. These can be a clause included in the terms of the settlement or written as a separate contract referencing the settlement. These clauses come in various forms to address specific concerns and legal requirements.

A confidentiality agreement and other similar clauses that restrict a party’s actions are commonly included in settlement agreements. This includes terms like general confidentiality clauses, non-disparagement clauses, non-admission of liability, time-limited confidentiality clauses and public disclosure restrictions.

General Confidentiality Clause

A general confidentiality provision covers the entirety of the settlement. It forbids the parties from discussing any information or conditions with other persons. It offers comprehensive security for the agreement’s total confidentiality including information like compensation and payment terms.

Non-Disparagement Clause

A non-disparagement clause forbids the parties from speaking negatively of one another. It frequently contains language prohibiting hurtful remarks, open criticism or disparaging words.

Non-Admission of Liability

A non-admission of liability is a clause that serves as a formal denial of liability. By including this term, the parties acknowledge that the defendant does not accept or acknowledge any responsibility or fault related to the subject of the agreement.

The primary purpose of a non-admission of liability is to protect the defendant from any legal consequences that may arise from an admission of guilt.

Time-Limited Confidentiality

A time-limited confidentiality clause specifies a time period during which the parties are bound by the terms of confidentiality. After that period those obligations expire. Parties, however, may also include terms to renew or extend confidentiality in the event the sensitive information is relevant beyond the agreed time limit.

Public Disclosure Restrictions

A public disclosure restriction prevents the parties from publicly disclosing or disparaging one another. These provisions prevent public disclosure of any contents of the settlement that may harm the parties’ reputations or interfere with the resolution of the dispute.

Types of Settlement Agreement Confidentiality Clauses

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How a Confidentiality Agreement Works

Confidentiality agreements play a significant role in defining the terms of a settlement. It helps regulate the flow of information between the plaintiffs, defendants and outside parties. Understanding how these clauses operate is essential for the settling parties.

Inclusion in Agreements

Confidentiality clauses are typically included in settlement agreements as provisions or paragraphs within the contract. They explicitly state the parties’ obligations and restrictions.

The specifics of a confidentiality clause can vary widely and typically reflect the unique circumstances and concerns of the dispute. The parties and their lawyers negotiate the language and terms of these clauses as part of the settlement process.

Scope and Limitations

Confidentiality clauses cannot be overly broad. The scope of these clauses are limited by the courts, state and federal law, and the parties.


NDAs are included to protect a variety of settlement-related information. This includes:

  • The terms of the contract.

  • Financial information such as settlement amount and payment terms.

  • The specifics of the claims and dispute.

  • Any other information the parties prefer to keep private.


Although confidentiality clauses offer a wide range of protections, they frequently contain limitations. Common exceptions to non-disclosure include:

  • Exceptions for court-ordered disclosures or legal requirements.

  • Permitted disclosures to legal and financial advisors.

  • Disclosures for tax reporting or regulatory compliance.

  • Time-limited confidentiality, allowing disclosure after a specified period.

Enforcement and Consequences

The enforcement of confidentiality clauses primarily depends on the outlined terms. Consequences of violating confidentiality will depend on the language of the settlement and the governing law. Thus, parties need to pay attention to the terms of their settlement.

The consequences of violating a confidentiality clause can be significant including:

Civil Cases for Breach of Contract

Violating the confidentiality clause is considered a breach of the settlement agreement. The breaching party could be held liable for breaking confidentiality and face legal consequences like monetary damages.


The injured person may seek a court-issued injunction to prevent the other party from further disclosing confidential information.

Loss of Benefits

A party may forfeit the agreed-upon benefits or compensation if they break confidentiality. The loss of benefits will depend on the terms of the settlement with the settling parties.

Advantages and Disadvantages of NDAs


Settlement agreements with confidentiality clauses have various advantages.

  • Privacy: Parties can prevent sensitive information from becoming public knowledge. This can help protect personal, financial or commercial interests.
  • Negotiation Leverage: These clauses can create a favorable negotiation environment. Parties are more likely to engage in open discussions, knowing the discussions will remain secret. This can be particularly important in cases where one party has a greater amount of power, like when negotiating a work injury settlement.
  • Risk Mitigation: NDAs can limit reputational damage. This can minimize the risk of additional litigation, a lengthy judicial proceeding or public scrutiny.
  • Finality: A confidential settlement creates a sense of finality. It allows the parties to move past the issue without fear of later public disclosure.


While NDAs can be advantageous, there are also drawbacks to confidential settlement agreements.

  • Lack of Public Accountability: A confidentiality agreement can shield wrongdoers or organizations from public accountability. By barring disclosure, the public remains unaware of potential threats or injustices.
  • Silencing Whistleblowers and Victims: Keeping a settlement confidential can discourage whistleblowers and victims. By placing legal consequences on disclosure, whistleblowers and victims may fear coming forward or speaking out about misconduct.
  • Impeding Investigations:
  • A confidential settlement agreement can impede investigations by law enforcement agencies and journalists. Those who have signed NDAs may not be willing to provide information for fear of retaliation.

Contact us Today at Buchanan, Williams & O’Brien

Confidential settlements are commonly used in personal injury cases. Nevertheless, understanding the repercussions is crucial to avoiding any future problems. If you are considering accepting a settlement, speak with an attorney first to ensure you are getting a fair deal.

Our experienced personal injury attorneys are skilled negotiators and professional advisors who can help plaintiffs navigate the claims, litigation and settlement process. We work on the your behalf to negotiate the terms of a settlement to ensure it is fair and does not infringe on your rights.

At Buchanan, Williams & O’Brien, we have experience helping clients negotiate settlements, including confidentiality agreements. We understand the average settlement for a workers’ compensation or personal injury claim and can help you fight for just compensation.

Our team will review and negotiate the language of a settlement agreement confidentiality clause and inform you about the legal implications of the NDA. We will also be able to advise you on whether or not to accept a money settlement. Our personal injury lawyers will defend your rights and interests, striking a balance between privacy and accountability.

Contact us today to schedule a consultation to discuss your case and work toward a favorable result.

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